In case you’re someone who is not aware of what collagen is, it is the most necessary protein that is found in the human body, in places like muscles, bones, tendons and skin. In fact, it is the main substance which holds the entire body and it forms a framework to offer structure and strength. The collagen that is synthesized within the body is called endogenous collagen or natural collagen and exogenous collagen is got from the outside source and so it is synthetic. They usually come in the form of supplements.
Endogenous collagen has got several functions and the depletion and breakdown is strongly related to several health issues. On the other hand, exogenous collagen has got several cosmetic and medical purposes which often include repairing of tissues in the body.
Few Quick Details On Collagen
Before you move into the details of the article which deals with collagen, brush through a few quick facts on the same:
- Collagen is there all over the body, particularly in bones, skin and in the connective tissues
- The production of collagen decline with age and when it gets exposed to various factors like UV rays and smoking
- There are few types of collagen fibrils which are even stronger than steel
- It is used in collagen dressings where new skin cells are attracted to the sites of wound
- There are several cosmetic lotions which claim to increase levels of collagen but most often, they’re not true. The molecules of collagen are too large for the skin to absorb
Collagen – What Is It?
Collagen is insoluble, hard and it is the fibrous protein which constitutes one-third of the entire protein of the body. The molecules are usually packed to form thin and long fibrils in most collagen molecules. The fibrils act in the form of supporting structure and tie the anchor cells to one another. They are the things which give elasticity and strength to the skin. There are 16 types of collagen and among them 90% of them belong to types 1, 2 and 3. Various collagen types have various functions and structures.
Collagen And The Role It Plays In Human Body
Collagen is mainly secreted by connective tissue cells but it is also secreted by other cells. This forms an intricate network of macromolecules which decides the physical properties of the tissues of your body. A macromolecule is that molecule which contains bigger numbers of atoms.
Within the middle layer of the skin, in the dermis, collagen forms fibrous network of cells which are called fibroblasts on which new skin cells can easily grow. This also plays a vital role in restoring and replacing dead skin cells. There are few collagens which work as protective coverings for the organs of our body like kidneys. As we age, our body tends to produce less collagen due to the fact that the structural integrity of the skin easily declines. This is why you find wrinkles occuring and joint cartilages weakening. Women usually witness a drastic reduction of collagen synthesis post menopause. When women reach 60 years, then there is a normal reduction in production of collagen.
The Different Uses Of Collagen – Medical Use And Cosmetic Use
Collagen can be converted, broken down and it can be absorbed back to your body. Collagen can also be formed lattice-like gels or solids. There are diverse uses of collagen both medically and in the field of cosmetic uses. Here are few areas where collagen is used:
1. Skin Fillers
Collagen injections can boost the skin contours and be used as fillers for depressions. These collagen fillers can be used cosmetically to remove wrinkles and lines from the face. It can enhance your scars as long as they don’t have a sharp edge. If you want to know from where these fillers are sourced, they come from cows and humans. The different types of skin tests can be done before using collagen from cows to make sure that the allergies aren’t aggravated. In case there are extensive gaps, they are filled with silicone, fat and implants.
2. Regeneration Of Issues
The collagen-based membranes are used in implant and periodontal therapy to enhance the growth of specific kinds of cells. In cases of oral surgery, there are collagen barriers which can halt the fast-growing cells from moving inside the wound in a tooth. This can easily preserve a space where the tooth cells will still have an opportunity to regenerate. The membranes based on collagen can help healing the cases and these are all resorbable. Hence, these barriers doesn’t require being surgically removed post the main operation.
3. Dressing Wounds
Collagen can also assist you in healing wounds by luring new skin cells to the site of the wound. Collagen also promotes healing and offers a platform for growth of new tissues. If you don’t know how collagen dressings can help, they can heal chronic injuries which don’t respond to any other form of treatment, wounds that dislodge bodily fluids like sweat and urine, necrotic and rotting wounds and full-thickness wounds.
4. Vascular Prosthetics
Collagen tissue grafts that are taken from donors often have been utilized for nerve regeneration and also for arterial reconstruction. Though prostheses of collagen is said to be compatible for human body, there are some which have been even thought to be thrombogenic which can lead to coagulation of blood.
5. Treating Osteoarthritis
Supplements of collagen like Caruso health or other formulations can help you in treating osteoarthritis. According to a review which was said to be done in 2006, it was seen that these supplements which contained collagen decreased all sorts of joint degeneration among aged people which led to osteoarthritis. Because of the absorption of the supplement, collagen was accumulated within the cartilage and this helps in rebuilding matrix.
6. Revitalization Of Skin
There are indeed several products which comprise of collagen and which are used to revitalize skin by boosting levels of collagen in your body. Though it is pretty unlikely as collagen molecules are too big to be absorbed through the skin, yet the cosmetic firms definitely claim to do so. The benefits are mainly due to the moisturizing impacts of these products and they don’t boost collagen directly.
Foods Which Boost The Production Of Collagen
Let’s take a quick look at the foods which can be considered as the best sources of nutrients which our body requires. Here are the few foods which increase production of collagen.
There is no doubt when we say that kiwis are extremely rich in Vitamin C which is a nutrient that is required by the human body to boost the production of collagen. It is vitamin C which combines with amino acids proline and glycine to produce hydroxyproline. This is the amino acid which secures helical collagen structure.
You may not realise but it is true that almonds usually are rich in Vitamin E which is the most vital antioxidant required by our skin. It neutralizes the free radicals which have a damaging impact on collagen cells. Vitamin E combines with vitamin C to stimulate the formation of collagen. Almonds are also a super source of copper and hence it can help a body which is in dire need of copper.
Although Vitamin C is important for production of collagen, it even serves as an effective antioxidant. Antioxidants usually safeguard against breaking down of collagen cells which are caused by toxins present in food, air and water supply. Just as kiwis, berries are also a vital source of Vitamin C. Blackberries, blueberries, strawberries and raspberries are the best sources of antioxidants to ward of radical degeneration.
Carrots are rich in source of Vitamin A and this helps in restoring and repairing damaged skin. Are you someone who doesn’t like carrots? If answered yes, you needn’t worry as squash, sweet potatoes, cantaloupe, apricots and mangos are also few of the best alternatives. In case you prefer orange, it can still help you meet your Vitamin A requirements.
Avocados may not be as rich as Vitamin E as you find in almonds but they are certainly rich in antioxidants. If you go ahead and order this, you will soon find your hair and skin reaping its benefits.
- Dark green vegetables
If you are looking for few of the superfoods which are rich in nutrients, you should definitely opt for dark green veggies. For the beginners, they are rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin C and also Vitamin E. All of these are extremely necessary for synthesis of collagen. Kale, spinach, green beans and broccoli contain chlorophyll and this boosts procollagen in our skin.
Therefore, if you’re someone who is wondering about the ways in which collagen is used by your body and the foods which are rich in collagen; you can take into account the above mentioned points. Make sure you consume the foods which are rich in collagen so as to increase its production